Acute and chronic non-specific lower back pain, chronic non-specific neck pain, chronic non-cancerous pain, major headache, and IBS were all included in the systematic review.
An evaluation of existing clinical evidence published in the open-access journal BMJ Open “Promising Evidence” shows that osteopathy can reduce the pain associated with physical abnormalities in body tissues and bones, muscular disease.
However, data suggest that there is little or no evidence to support its use in children or in the treatment of migraine or irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
Osteopathy, developed in the United States in the late 1800’s, is based on the principle that a person’s body composition (anatomy) and function (physiology) are inextricably linked. Its goal is to correct the imbalance in the relationship.
Osteopathy, like other complementary therapies, has grown in popularity in recent years, especially for the treatment of muscular dystrophy. As a result, researchers wanted to see how safe and effective it was in a variety of situations.
They scrutinize through research databases for systematic review and pool data analysis (meta-analysis) of relevant randomized controlled clinical trials published between November 2021 and November 2022.
Only tests conducted by doctors with osteopathic education or osteopaths were considered.
Between 2013 and 2020, nine systematic reviews or meta-analyzes were found, involving 55 preliminary tests and 3,740 participants.
Systemic reviews have reported use of osteopathy in a wide range of conditions, including acute and chronic non-specific lower back pain, chronic non-specific neck pain, chronic non-cancerous pain, primary headache, and IBS.
Analysis of pooled data reported that osteopathy is more effective than other methods in reducing pain and improving physical efficacy in acute / chronic non-specific lower back and neck pain and chronic pain that is not associated with cancer.
Other comparative approaches include dummy treatment (placebo), sham osteopathy, light touch therapy, no treatment, waiting list, conventional medicine, physiotherapy or other forms of complementary medicine.
But small sample size, conflicting results, and wide variations in study design mean evidence of the effectiveness of osteopathy in children with different conditions for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, asthma and infantile colic, and migraine and IBS. , Was limited or indeterminate.
No serious side effects related to therapy were reported in the 7 systematic reviews that evaluated them, although only two defined how they were measured.
“This overview suggests that [osteopathy] May be effective in the management of muscular disorders, especially related [chronic non-specific low back pain] And [low back pain ] Or in pregnant women [those who have just had a baby]”Researchers write.
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