The solar storm, which is set to hit Earth “directly” on April 14, is likely to intensify, disrupting satellites and causing power grid fluctuations.
According to NASA and NOAA projection models, a solar storm will hit Earth’s magnetic field in two days and then “intensify.”
“Direct hit – the solar storm forecast model for both NOAA and NASA shows,” according to space meteorologist Tamitha Skov, “the storm will hit April 14, just before a rapid solar wind flow.”
“It should intensify the storm because the current will push it from behind!”
He explained today: “The chances of reaching the G2 level are 80 percent at high latitudes and 20 percent at mid-latitudes.
“The risk of radio blackouts is low, but amateur #radio operators and GPS users face barriers to Earth night.”
When geomagnetic storms collide with the Earth’s magnetic field, they create radio blackouts, and if they hit a direct transformer, there is a power outage.
According to NASA, coronal mass ejection (CME) is expected to result in a G2-class geomagnetic storm.
CME is the massive explosion of plasma from the sun’s corona (outer layer).
Billions of tons of fast-moving solar particles, as well as the magnetic field that holds them together, make up the CME.
When they come in contact with the earth’s magnetic field, they can create geomagnetic storms.
Geomagnetic storms occur when energy from the solar wind is efficiently transferred to the Earth’s space environment.
Solar storms are classified by the US Space Weather Center (SWPC) from “G1 Minor” to “G5 Extreme”, with “G1 Minor” being the least intense.
Even the smallest storms, however, can cause “power-grid fluctuations” and “slight impact on satellite operations.”
It starts to get risky on the strong end of the scale.
If CMEs hit the Earth’s magnetic field, “all that extra radiation could damage the satellites we use for communication and navigation, it could disrupt our power supply power grids”.
It is also speculated that impending storms will create aurora like the famous Northern Lights.
If the sky is clear, Aurora borealis can be noticed in far northern England and Northern Ireland.
You may be able to see it between Sunday and Tuesday night, according to the Met Office.
Mrs. Scove says: “Aurora Field Reporters, don’t forget to charge your camera battery!”
He added: “The NASA Solar Storm Forecast model shows that the hit will occur on April 14 at 12pm UTC compared to the NOAA model, which arrives shortly before 7am UTC!
“Either way, both point to a great opportunity for Aurora!”
This comes after the Earth’s atmosphere was hit by a G3 geomagnetic storm earlier this week.
The storm was classified as a hurricane because it started on Sunday and was felt yesterday.
Experts have often warned that the Earth is unprepared for the potential devastation that G5 storms could wreak.
Image Credit: Getty
You read: Fear of disruption: A solar storm is approaching Earth this week – NASA