Five risk factors for heart attack and stroke

Five risk factors for heart attack and stroke - can also be detected in children
Five risk factors for heart attack and stroke – can also be detected in children

Long-term research suggests five health factors that can be considered, starting from childhood and adolescence, to reduce the likelihood of cardiovascular events in adults.

After more than fifty years of research, scientists have discovered five childhood variables that can predict a stroke or heart attack in adulthood. This is the world’s largest potential study on cardiovascular disease, with 38,589 participants from Australia, Finland and the United States.

According to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine, a follow-up of participants aged three to 19 found that BMI, blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides and smoking at an early age – especially their combination – were the five factors that predicted it. Future cardiovascular events starting around the age of 40.

The study found that more than half of the children were affected by cardiovascular risk and nine times higher for children than the standard between the five factors.

The Murdoch Child Research Institute of Australia was involved in the study, which was conducted by the International Consortium for Child Cardiovascular Health.

The role of resistance

Despite the contribution of drugs and surgery to the treatment of heart disease, prevention strategies will play an important role, said Terrence Dwyer, a professor at the Murdoch Institute. Studies have shown that they should start from infancy.

“Despite the impact of heart disease treatment and surgical care, the main effect will depend on effective preventive strategies,” said Murdoch Children’s Professor Terrence Dwyer, a senior research author, adding that “this study confirms that prevention should begin in infancy.”

“While interventions in adolescence such as dietary improvement, quitting smoking, becoming more active, and taking appropriate medications to reduce risk factors may be helpful, there is much more that can be done to reduce the lifelong risk of cardiovascular disease in childhood and adolescence. “She is OK.

Physicians and public health professionals must plan how to achieve the goal most effectively, he said, adding that while recent results are not unexpected, they have known for years that children under the age of five can detect early symptoms. Accumulation of fat in the arteries. According to him, the new findings suggest a strong focus on initiatives aimed at preventing risk factors among young people.

Source: 10.1056 / NEJMoa2109191

Image Credit: Getty

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