Diabetes is a serious medical condition that can have significant effects on people if left untreated.
This condition has major health consequences, including a high risk of high blood pressure, stroke, heart disease and nerve damage.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), diabetes was the ninth leading cause of death in 2019, with an estimated 1.5 million deaths directly due to diabetes.
Diabetes is a condition that causes your body to break down glucose using insulin.
It occurs when the pancreas, the organ that makes insulin, either does not make enough of it or does not work well with the insulin it makes.
Insulin transports glucose out of the bloodstream and into cells, where it is broken down to produce energy, while food is digested and enters the bloodstream.
Diabetes is divided into two categories, with type 1 being significantly less common than type 2.
Type 1 diabetes affects about 10% of adults and is different from type 2 diabetes in that the body’s immune system targets insulin-producing cells. As a result, regular insulin injections are required for type 1 diabetes.
In type 2 diabetes, the body does not make enough insulin or the cells do not respond adequately.
Type 1 diabetes is not associated with being overweight and cannot be cured, but weight loss can be treated with type 2 diabetes.
People are more likely to have type 2 diabetes if they have a family history of the disease, are overweight, have a very high waist circumference, or are of a certain ethnicity.
According to the National Health Organization, “If you are white and over 40, or if you are African Caribbean, Black African, or South Asian (Indian, Pakistani or Bangladeshi), you are at greater risk. [and] If you are of African Caribbean, Black African, or South Asian (Indian, Pakistani or Bangladeshi) or Chinese descent. “
Your medical history, such as a history of high blood pressure, stroke or heart attack or any mental condition can put you at risk.
Fortunately, there are treatments that can help, but go to the doctor to diagnose the complications, so it is important to identify the symptoms.
Three common symptoms that you should not ignore are associated with high blood pressure and the effects on the face.
Dry mouth or xerostomia, burning of the mouth or tongue, and a “fruit” breath are symptoms of diabetes in the mouth.
These are associated with high blood pressure, often known as hyperglycemia.
Other symptoms include a desire to urinate frequently and an insatiable thirst.
Other disease warning signs include:
- Feeling or getting sick
- Feeling tired
- Blurred vision
- Involuntary weight loss
- The wound heals slowly
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